Genesis 19-21

XIX. The Immorality Sodom and Its Awful Judgment (Genesis 19).

• Two messengers arrive in Sodom and, like Abraham, are shown respect and
hospitality by Lot.
• The men of Sodom are not so nice and they demand that Lot send out his
guests so that they may have sex with them.
• In order to dissuade them Lot offers his two daughters to the mob instead.
• The mob mocks Lot as an immigrant and the men take umbrage at Lot’s
judgment of them.
• The messengers blind the mob so that they are unable to find the door to
Lot’s house.
• The messengers tell Lot and his family to flee for God has seen enough
but Lot’s sons-in-law remain behind.
• The Lord rains down “brimstone and fire” the cities.
• The messengers told all them not to look back but Lot’s wife is unable to
resist and is turned into a pillar of salt.
• The next morning, Abraham stands at the place where he had negotiated
with God over the fate of the cities and now sees the rising smoke of
• Lot first flees to Zoar and then to the hills and seeks shelter in a cave
with his two daughters.
• The daughters are worried they will never marry again so they get their
father drunk and they both become pregnant.
• One son is named Moab which, in Hebrew, sounds like, “from father.”
• The other son is named Benammi, which means something like, “son of my
father’s people.”
• Moab and Ammon are Israel’s cousins yet will become bitter enemies.

XX. Abraham Repeats an Earlier Mistake with Abimelech (Genesis 20).

• Abraham moved to the Negev and lived between Kadesh and
• While still in Gerar Abraham told everyone, “Sarah is my sister.”
• King Abimelech of Gerar sent for Sarah.
• God threatened Abimelech because Saran was married.
• Abimelek pleads his case with a clear conscience and claims no
• God orders Abimelech to return Sarah to Abraham the prophet.
• Abimelech confronts Abraham.
• Abraham defended his actions and claimed he was telling the
truth – partially.
• Abimelech provided Abraham sheep, cattle, and servants and
returns Sarah to Abraham and offered his land to live on, and a
parting gift for Sarah.

XXI. Sarah Gives Birth and Hagar is Sent Away (Genesis 21).

• 90-year old Sarah becomes pregnant and gives birth to a son.
• Abraham names his son Isaac, which means “laughter.”
• Abraham has Isaac circumcised at eight days old and later
throws a celebration when he is weaned.
• Sarah sees Ishmael (“the son of Hagar, the Egyptian, whom she
had borne to Abraham”) mocking Isaac (the verb used is from the
same root as Isaac’s name).
• Sarah tells Abraham to send her away.
• This time God tells Abraham to listen to Sarah.
• Hagar and and Ishmael wander through the wilderness of
• Hagar places Ishmael under a bush and she prepares to die.
• But God sends an angel to restore Hagar.
• God promised that Ishmael’s descendants will become a great
• Hagar opens her eyes and sees a well of water and gives
Ishmael a drink.
• Ishmael survives and gets married.
• Abraham and Abimelech make treaty.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• Jesus said that it would better for Sodom and Gomorrah on the
day of judgment than the cities of His day who saw His works and
rejected Him (Matthew 11:23-24).

• Like Lot, Jesus saved us by His mercy from the impending

• Isaac is the son of promise who, through his leange, will come
Jesus, the Messiah.

Genesis 17-18

XVII. Abram becomes Abraham, Circumcision, and Sarah’s Pregnancy (Genesis

• God, El Shaddai, the God who keeps His promises, appears to Abram at the
age of 90 calling him to be blameless and to walk with the Lord.
• God promises to give Abram, exalted father, many descendants and changes
his name to Abraham, father or many nations.
• Many nations and kings will come from Abraham.
• God promises Abraham the land of Canaan as an everlasting possession.
• The rite of circumcision is instituted for all Israelite males as a sign
of His covenant.
• For newly born Israelite infants is must be done on the eighth day after
• Any male not circumcised is cut off from God’s covenant.
• God changes Sarai’s name to Sarah, princess, for she will have a son and
her descendants will form nations and become kings.
• Abraham collapsed in laughter upon hearing that his 90 year olf wife is
going to have a baby.
• God insists that Sarah will bear a son and declares the boy’s name will
be Isaac, “laughter.”
• Abraham is 99 when he is circumcised along with Ishmael (age 13) and all
the men in his house.

XVIII. The Lord Informs Abraham of Sodom’s Judgment as Abraham Pleads for a
Reprieve (Genesis 18)

• The Lord appears to Abraham in a theophany of three men and in an act of
hospitality Abraham prepares for them a feast.
• The three visitors enquire of Sarah declaring that she will have a son.
• Sarah overhears the conversation and laughs with incredulity.
• The Lord questions Abraham regarding Sarah’s laughter but Sarah denies
having chuckled at the thought of having a baby.
• Abraham accompanies the three men as they head out towards Sodom.
• The Lord considers Abraham a friend and informs him of the wickedness of
Sodom and Gomorrah and the imminence of His judgment against the cities.
• Abraham asks, “Will God destroy the righteous with the wicked?” if there
were 50 righteous, since He is the “Judge of all the earth.”
• Abraham reduces the number from 45 to 10.
• God agrees not to destroy the cities if there are ten righteous people
living there.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• In Genesis 17:7 the phrase, “To be God to you and your offspring after
you,” is an essential component of the security of the new covenant in

• In Christ, the rite of circumcision becomes obsolete as a spiritual
reality, since we are now spiritually circumcised in Christ (cf. Colossians

• Isaac is the son of promise through whom Jesus will come.

• God would be just in His destruction of the cities of the plain. Today we
rejoice that there is no condemnation for those who are in Christ.

Genesis 13-15

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Genesis chapters 13-15 (Genesis 15 is one
of the most important chapters in the Bible).

I. Abram and Lot Separate and Abram Goes to War (13-14).

– The land simply cannot support both Abram and Lot so Abram suggests going
separate ways.

– Lot chooses to dwell in the region of Sodom, infamous for its immorality,
and Abram settles in Canaan.

– God promises Abram land and numerous descendants.

– Abram becomes a player in the realm of regional politics and goes to war
near the Dead Sea where Lot lives.

– The kings of Sodom and Gomorrah lose the battle when their cities are

– Lot was taken captive by the victorious kings.

– Abram is informed of Lot’s capture and with an army of 318 soldiers
defeats those who captured Lot, brings his nephew back, along with lots of

– The king of Salem (which later becomes Jerusalem), named Melchizedek,
brings Abram bread and wine. He is also a priest of the most High God.

– Melchizedek blesses Abram and Abram gives him 10% of everything.

– The king of Sodom recognizes that Abram acted as his ally by defeating
the armies that destroyed his city and tries to split the spoils of war
with him. Abram tells the King of Sodom to keep his gifts. He will trust
God to provide for what he needs.

II. God Forms a Unilateral Covenant with Abram (15)

– God tells Abram in a vision that he has nothing to fear. He’ll protect
Abram like a shield and repeats His promise of land and descendants.

– Abram is getting anxious while longing for a family since he’s not
getting any younger.

– God takes Abram outside on a clear night and shows him the stars. He
promises Abram that his descendants will be as numerous as the stars.

– Abram believes God and is justified (‘declared righteous’) for his faith.

– Abram’s act of faith becomes a pattern for all who believe in God and
trust in His promises.

– God seals His covenant with Abram in a unilateral act: Abram divides a
series of animals in two and forms two lines. As Abram sleeps God also
informs him that his descendants will be foreigners in a land that does not
belong to them for 400 years. God will eventually judge Egypt and deliver
Abram’s offspring with lots of wealth but Abram will die long before any of
this happens. When all is said and done, Abram’s offspring will return to

– As soon as the sun sets, a smoking pot of fire and a torch passes between
the pieces of the animals Abram had divided.

Jesus in the Old Testament

– Melchizedek (“righteousness”) the priest-king of Salem (“peace”)
anticipates the coming of the ultimate King of righteousness and peace, the
Lord Jesus.

– Jesus is a unique priest after the order of Melchizedek (Hebrews 7:1-3;
15-17) and offers to us Himself – the only thing that will truly satisfy us.

– When we trust in Jesus, God justifies those who have faith in Him, as He
justified Abram (Galatians 3:6-9).

– When we trust in Jesus, we are the true spiritual descendants of Abram.

– While we violated God’s covenant in many ways, He took our failure upon
Himself and sent His Son, to bear the penalty of our sin.

He is worthy to be worshipped!

Genesis 10-12

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Genesis chapters 10-12:

I. The Descendants of Noah and the Origin of Nations (10:1-32)

– The descent of people groups, nations, and their roots in Noah’s three

– Japheth’s ancestors will form the “coastland peoples” who settled the
coast of Palestine.

– Ham’s ancestors form international nations and empires with whom Israel
will have significant dealings, including Akkadia, Assyria, Babylonia, the
Canaanites and Philistines.

– Nimrod is given special mention, a mighty warrior and hunter, who
establishes nations and important cities, like Nineveh.

– Shem is the father of a lot of nations.

II. The Defiance of Humanity at the Tower of Babel, the Dispersion, and the
Beginning of Abram’s Story (11:1-32)

– Humanity’s “Let us make,” is an attempt to displace God’s “Let Us make.”

– People settle in a valley named Shinar and determine to develop a city
with a high tower for their own renown.

– God makes a visit and concludes that humanity will do anything for it’s

– God decides to confuse their languages at Babel (confusion) and scatters

– Ten generations are listed between the flood and Abram.

– The big story of creation and civilization is over as the lens narrows to
the story of Israel.

III. The Call of Abram and His Journey to Egypt (12:1-20).

– God commands Abram to go and dwell in the land He will show him.

– Though he has no heir, God promises Abram a large nation and the destiny
of all other nations will depend on how they treat Abram and the nation
that emerges from him.

– Abrams is 75 when he immigrates to Haran.

– Lot accompanies Abram and his wife Sarai arriving at Shechem in Canaan.

– The Lord promises the land of Canaan to Abram and his ancestors.

– Abram builds an altar, and then moves to another place, builds another
altar, and calls on the Lord – YHWH.

– Abram moves to Negeb.

– Famine strikes, and Abram travels down to Egypt to survive. (God’s
promises do not always come about in a way that is easy or problem-free).

– Abram tells Sarai to tell the Egyptians that she’s his sister.

– Pharaoh invites Sarai into his court and treats Abram very well.

– God unleashes horrible plagues upon Pharaoh and his household.

– Pharaoh learns that the plagues are caused by the fact that he’s
harboring Abram’s wife in his court.

– Pharaoh tells Abram to take his wife and leave with his newly acquired

Jesus in the Old Testament

– The table of nations continues the story of the promised Seed.

– The confusion of Babels is reversed at Pentecost when Jesus sends the
Holy Spirit.

– The story of Abram is preparation for the story of Jesus.

– Jesus is the true offspring of Abram (Galatians 3:16).

Genesis 7-9

#?OTin52? Our reading today is Genesis chapters 7-9:

i. God Deconstructs the Earth and Cleanses it with a Flood (7:1-24)

– The Lord is favorable toward Noah for his righteous life.

– Noah, at the age of 600, and his family enter the ark together with a
male and female of every living creature.

– The floodwaters come after seven days as rain falls for forty days and
nights submerging everything for 150 days.

II. Reboot: The Floodwaters Recede, Noah Disembarks and Worships God

-God sends the “wind” (Hebrew: ruah) over the waters, and they start to
recede (See Genesis 1:2, where God’s “wind” (ruah) hovered over the surface
of the waters).

– After 150 days, the ark settles on a peak of the mountains of Ararat.

– After 40 more days, Noah opens the window, releases a raven that flies
back and forth and then a dove, on its third attempt, returns with a leaf
in its beak, and on its fourth release, it does not return.

– God instructs Noah, his family and all animal life to leave the ark and
to “be fruitful and multiply” – another sign of re-creation.

– Noah builds an altar and offers a sacrifice.

– God knows humanity’s bent towards evil (Noah took his sinful nature with
him into the ark and exited with it) but promises never to destroy every
living creature again with a flood.

III. God’s Covenant and Noah’s Descendants (9:1- 29).

– Noah and his family are commanded to repopulate the earth (the “you” in
verse 9 is plural).

– God sets down dietary restrictions and rules for guarding the sanctity of
human life because humanity is made in the image of God.

– God places a rainbow in the sky as a sign of His covenant with all
earthly life.

– All peoples can trace their roots back to Noah’s sons: Shem, Ham, and
Japheth and Ham’s son, Canaan.

– Noah plants a vineyard, gets drunk, sleeps it off uncovered in his tent.
Ham sees him and informs his brothers, and Shem and Japheth cover up their

– Noah awakes, learns what Ham did, curses Ham’s son Canaan and blesses
Shem and Japheth.

*Japheth is the father of the Japhetic race
*Shem is the father of the Semitic race
*Ham is the father of the Hamitic race

Jesus in the Old Testament

The rainbow points to Jesus as God promises to preserve Noah’s line to make
way for the promised Seed, who will provide eternal deliverance from sin.

Jesus compared the time of His return to the days of Noah when people will
be living their lives apart from God.

Reading for Tuesday: Genesis 10-12.


Come join us for worship this Sunday.

Pastor Paul will start his series *The Sent Church* with his message “The
Unhindered Gospel.”

His passage will be Acts 8:26-40

Service times are 9 and 11 am.

Genesis 4-6

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Genesis chapters 4-6:

I. Cain and Abel (4:1-26)

– Cain’s name in Hebrew (qayin) sounds like qanah translated “gotten” in
4:1 – “I have gotten a man with the help of the Lord.”

– The Lord’s question of Cain sounds similar to the one He asked Adam in
3:9: “Where is Abel your brother?” As earlier, God knows the answer to His
own question.

– Cain is driven from his land the way his parents were also expelled from

– This chapter gives Cain’s line. Cain’s Lamech is a different man from
Seth’s Lamech in chapter 5.

– Cain marries and his descendants become the founders of civilization.

– God “appointed” (Hebrew: shat) for Eve a third son named Seth (Hebrew:
shet), who replaces Abel.

– People start calling God (‘elohim) by His preferred name – the Lord
(Hebrew: YHWH).

II. The Expansion of the Human Race (5:1-32)

– The genealogy follows a consistent pattern: (1) how long each person
lives before bearing a son; (2) the name of the son; (3) how long each
person lives after bearing a son; (3) their death; (4) the total number of
years for their life.

– Pre-flood people had substantially long life-spans.

– Two departures from the genealogical norm were Enoch, who walked with God
and was taken, and Noah, whose Hebrew name sounds like the word for
“console” (nahem, ”relief, comfort’).

III. Prequel to the Flood: The Nephilim and the Depravity of the Human Race

– The “sons of God” marry the daughters of men.
Two views:
(1) The godly line of Seth (‘sons of God’) intermarries with the ungodly
line of Cain (daughters of men) – Common Evangelical position.
(2) Fallen angels intermarry with the daughters of men – Jewish tradition.

– Nephilim is a transliteration of the Hebrew word, “fallen.”

– God limits the lifespan of humanity to a 120 years.

– The Hebrew again uses God’s name YHWH.

– God orders Noah to build a boat, with precise details, to save Noah from
His coming judgment.

Jesus in the Old Testament

– The promise of God to provide the “Seed” for sinners begins through Seth

– Noah’s son, Shem, becomes the father of the Semites ( the Jews) through
whom Jesus, the promised Seed, would come (5:32).

– Noah prefigures Christ as the second-Adam giving humanity a second start
after the pollution of sin (6:5).

Monday’s Reading ~ Genesis 7-9

Genesis 1-3

#?OTin52? On this first day of 2016 we read Genesis 1-3 detailing creation
and the fall of humanity. It can hardly be overstated how vital these three
chapters are to understanding our world and humanity. In creation
everything finds its source and purpose in God. In the fall everything
becomes disordered.

I. God creates, establishes and rests from His creative work (1:1-2:4).

Each day of creation has three parts: (1) God announces what is about to
do, (2) He completes the act, and (3) He reviews His handiwork.

II. The lens narrows to God’s creation of the man and woman and their
settlement in Eden (2:4-25).

– God forms the man from the dust of the ground.” The word for “man” is
‘adam and the word for “ground” is ‘adamah.

– God fashions the woman from the side of man. He names her ‘isha – because
she was taken from man – ‘ish.

III. The fall of humanity and its consequences (3:1-24).

– A crafty serpent appears in Eden and questions the woman’s knowledge of
God’s very first command.

– The woman eats the fruit and shares with her husband and everything is
immediately different.

– God interrogates the first couple and renders His judgment.

– “Adam” names his wife “Eve” – hawah – which sounds like the word for
“life” – hayah.

Jesus in the Old Testament (As we read through the OT we will see how it
points to Jesus).

– Jesus is by God the Father’s side in His workshop of creation actively
and delightfully creating the world.

– The presence of the Trinity (God is Three in One) in chapter 1. When God
speaks in 1:26 it is in the plural, “Let Us make …”

– Jesus is the Seed of the woman promised in Genesis 3:15 who will one day
crush the serpent.

“Jesus is found throughout the entirety of the Bible, and it is
reprehensible that many miss finding Him as He is spread over the pages of
the OT.” Walt Kaiser Jr.

Revelation 22

In Revelation 22 an angel assures John that all he has seen and heard is
true. In fact, what he has seen needs to be shared with the world for Jesus
is coming soon. John also concludes with a warning that if anyone changes
what he’s writte, God is going to include them in all those terrible

John is shown a beautiful river flowing from God’s throne filled with the
water of life, with the tree of life located on its bank producing twelve
kinds of fruit, as life flourishes in the well-fortified City of God and
its residents enjoy and serve God and love each other all day, every day –
for eternity.

It has been a huge blessing to share this #5in5 challenge with you. Thank
you for an incredible year in the Word. Your comments, filled with insight
and marked by your love for God, has had a huge impact one me.

Starting this Friday, January 1st, it’s on to the ?#?OTin52?!

Revelation 21

We have been waiting all year for Revelation 21 and the unveiling of the
new earth and the new Jerusalem.

Evil has finally been eliminated and the new earth has come down from
heaven where the saints will dwell with God forever without pain, mourning,
or death and the new Jerusalem, with its wall built on twelve foundations
and equipped with a dozen gates, will glitter with gold and jewels with God
Himself as the temple and His presence providing all the illumination ever
needed and all the security we’ve ever craved.