Deuteronomy 24-27

A Blessed Holy Saturday (the day between Good Friday and Easter) to

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Deuteronomy 24-27:

XXIV. Community Rules (Deuteronomy 24).

• Divorce. A woman who has been divorced twice cannot remarry her original
• Marriage. A newly married man is free from military duty or other public
service for one year after his wedding.
• Work. Taking someone’s livelihood (represented by the millstone) as a
pledge is not permitted.
• Man-Stealing. Kidnapping someone and selling them into slavery is
punishable by death.
• Health. Guard against leprosy. Remember Miriam.
• Loans and pledges. A person’s garment can be given as collateral for a
loan, but it has to be returned by sunset so that he can sleep on it. The
garment takes the place of loan papers and reminds the debtor that he owes
• Wages. The hired worker is to be paid by sundown each day.
• Parents and children are responsible for their own crimes: individuals
are punished for their own crimes.
• Justice. Be careful how the alien, fatherless, and widow are treated.
• The Poor. Some grapes are to be left on the vine, some grain in the
field, and some olives in the trees for oil are to be left for the needy.

XXV. More Rules (Deuteronomy 25).

• Punishment. A guilty person may receive up to forty lashes but no more.
• Pay for work. An ox treading grain should be able to eat while working.
• Kinsman-Redeemer. If a man marries a woman and the man dies before they
have a baby, his brother must marry the deceased brother’s wife. Their
firstborn child will count as the dead brother’s child.
• If the brother refuses, (both to her and the elders) his brother’s wife
is to spit in his face and take his sandal.
• Fight Fair! A woman who tries to help her husband in a fight and hits the
other man below the belt will have her hand cut off.
• Honesty. Don’t use false weights for food or money.
• Don’t forget to punish the Amalekites for striking down the weak and
weary while leaving Egypt.

XXVI. Offerings and Testimony (Deuteronomy 26).

• When the Israelites dwell in the Land, they are to bring an offering of
first fruits to God and recite a speech that recounts their history.
• Tithe of Produce. The Israelites must pay the tithe, a tenth of their
produce, and give to the Levites and the needy. They must also give a
speech telling the Lord of their loyalty to the commandment, their care for
the poor, and asking for God’s blessing.
• Moses completes his review of the law with the Israelites.
• The Israelites are God’s own possession and the nation is to keep His
commands and honor Him.

XXVII. Ceremony of Covenant Renewal (Deuteronomy 27).

• The Israelites are commanded to obey the commands they have heard.
• The Israelites should choose twelve large stones from the Jordan, write
all of the laws on them, use them to create an altar of uncut stones on Mt.
Ebal, and offer sacrifices there.
• At a future event after moving into the land, six tribes will stand on
Mt. Gerizim for the blessing of the people, and six will stand on Mt. Ebal
for the curses.
• The chapter lists all the curses announced by the Levites to those who
make idols, dishonor their parents, move property lines, mislead a blind
person on the road, fail to help the needy, engage in improper
relationships or acts, murder, or engage in a bribe.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• (Chapter 24) For capital offenses the OT did not allow for penal
substitution. For our offenses against God, which are worthy of death,
Jesus died in our place and reconciled us to the Father.
• (Chapter 25) The purpose behind the practice of the Kinsman-Redeemer is
rooted in the promise that the seed of the woman (cf. Genesis 3:15) would
crush the serpent’s head. God wished that a man’s line would continue as an
act of hope that the seed of the woman could come from his very line.
• (Chapter 26) The offering of firstfruits is a picture of the resurrection
of Jesus who is the first to rise in what will be a great harvest of all
those who will live again through faith in Christ.
• (Chapter 27) Jesus Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the Law so
that through Him the blessing of God comes to us.

Deuteronomy 21-23

A Blessed Good Friday to all!

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Deuteronomy 21-23.

XXI. Assorted and Sundry Rules (Deuteronomy 21).

• The sanctity of human life (vv. 1-9). Instructions on what to do if
someone is killed in the open country and the killer is unknown. The elders
from the nearest city are to bring an unworked heifer to a valley with
running water, slaughter it, and then wash their hands over it to show that
they did not shed innocent blood.
• Captive of War. An Israelite soldier who captures a woman from an enemy
is allowed to marry her after she has first shaved her head and permitted
to mourn her family for a month. Captive women had no status or rights in
those days so this was a vast improvement on the status quo.
• Rights of Firstborn. If a man has two wives and loves one but not the
other, his firstborn son, even if he’s the son of the unloved wife, will
still inherit the double portion given to the firstborn.
• Rebellion. The parents of a rebellious son who drinks too much and eats
too much can be turned over by his parents to the town elders for stoning.
• Hanging. If a criminal is put to death by hanging, the body is not to be
left on a tree over night. A man hung from a tree is cursed by God.

XXII. Assorted Rules (Deuteronomy 22).

• Private property. If a neighbor’s ox or sheep wanders off or falls into a
ditch, do not ignore it but bring the animal back to your neighbor or, if
the owner is unknown, keep it in your home until someone reports it missing.
• Dress. Women shouldn’t wear men’s clothes and men should not wear women’s
• Animal Treatment. If a bird’s nest is found on the ground with eggs, you
can eat the eggs—but not the mother bird.
• Home Safety. Put a parapet or a protective barrier around your roof to
prevent an accidental death.
• Rules prohibiting mixing seeds, mixing different plowing animals, and
combining materials.
• Tassels are to be sown on the corners of one’s garments.
• Sexual Behavior. If a man accuses a woman of not being a virgin when he
married her, her father and mother must provide proof of her virginity. If
proof is provided, then the man will be punished and must pay a fine to the
woman’s father, and never be allowed to divorce her. If there is no proof
of her virginity, the woman is to be stoned.
• A man and a woman caught in adultery are to be killed.
• If man meets a betrothed or engaged woman and sleeps with her, he must be
stoned. Whether or not the woman is stoned depends on where the act
occurred. If she was in the city, she is to be stoned with him because she
didn’t cry for help. If she was in the country, she is allowed to live
because she may have cried out and no one was there to help.
• If a man who meets a woman who is not engaged and sleeps with her he must
give her father 50 shekels of silver. They are to marry and he can never
divorce her.
• A man should not marry his father’s wife; i.e. marry your stepmother
after your father has died.

XXIII. Exclusions from the Israelite Religious Community (Deuteronomy 23).

• The phrase “enter the assembly” is used six times in this chapter. This
chapter is about who can participate in the religious life of Israel.
• Eunuchs, by birth or forced, one born of a foreign union, Ammonites, and
Moabites are forbidden from entering the assembly.
• The Ammonites did not give food to the Israelites, and the Moabites hired
Balaam to curse the Israelites.
• Edomites and Egyptians are permitted to enter.
• Rules regarding the Israelite camp and bodily functions.
• Escaped slaves are allowed to remain in the Promised Land.
• Female and male temple prostitutes or forbidden (Common in surrounding
• Interest can be charged on loans to foreigners, but not on loans to
fellow Israelites.
• If you make a vow, keep it.
• When you’re on your neighbor’s property, you can eat all the grapes you
want but cannot take any with you. Regarding grain, you can pluck it with
your hand but are not permitted to use a sickle.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• The Apostle Paul applies Deuteronomy 21:2 to the crucifixion of Christ in
Galatians 3:13, “Cursed is anyone who hangs on a tree.” He bore the curse
of sin for us.
• After Jesus was crucified, His body was removed from the cross and
quickly placed in a nearby tomb.
• Jesus Christ is the Savior of the whole world. In Christ, all ethnic
distinctions have been removed (cf. Galatians 3:28).

Deuteronomy 28

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is just one chapter, Deuteronomy 28.

XXVIII. Blessings and Judgments (Deuteronomy 28).

• The covenant renewal ceremony continues.
• There are blessings for the Israelites in every area of life when they
obey God (vv.1-14).
• God will bless their political process (v. 7, 13), grant them their
victory over enemies, and esteem by other nations for Israel’s power and
prosperity (vv. 9-10).
• God will open up His storehouse of rain them and their crops (vv. 8,
• God will make them the lender to nations and not the borrower.
• God will bless them to be a light to the nations.
• If they fail in their mission, God will send various curses, mostly the
opposite of the blessings, just mentioned.
• These curses include a punishing drought for an agrarian society.
• He will send curses, confusion, and frustration in all that they
• The metaphors used to depict these curses are graphic and horrifying (vv.
• In Israel’s future a foreign king will rule over them, and this nation
will eat the fruit of Israel’s labors because of Israel’s disobedience.
• Their misery will be compounded by crop failure, and their children
enslaved. They will act with desperation and horror just to survive.
• The Lord will bring the diseases of Egypt upon them. Although God
promised that they would be as numerous as the stars, their numbers will
• These curses eventually came upon Israel because they turned from God and
followed idols.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• This chapter is a powerful and even haunting read that has value for our
personal lives as well as a helpful national assessment. I am most grateful
today that because of Christ we have been blessed with every blessing in
the spiritual realm and that Jesus absorbed all the curses for us on the


Come join us for worship this Sunday.

Pastor Paul will preach on “A Reasonable Faith.”

His passages will be Acts 17:16-33.

Service times are 9 and 11 am.

Deuteronomy 17-20

#?OTin52? Our reading for today is Deuteronomy 17-20.

XVII. Civil Laws (Deuteronomy 17).

• An Israelite worshipper is not permitted to offer a defective animal in
• The rule for determining whether someone is guilty of idolatry requires
two or three witnesses. If convicted, the punishment is death by stoning by
the first witness. To transgress is to “cross the line.”
• For difficult judicial decisions for a range of crimes, the Israelites
are to visit the Levitical priests and an official judge in a place of
God’s appointment.
• The person who challenges the decision of God’s appointed leaders will
receive a sentence of death.
• The Israelites will be permitted to have a king of God’s own choosing but
he cannot have too many horses, wives or money, lest his heart turn away.

XVIII. Priests and Prophets (Deuteronomy 18.

• The ceremonial system required priests/Levites and prophets.
• The priests and Levites oversee the sacrificial system and will be given
a portion of the meat and grain offerings.
• Israelites are not to have any involvement with the occult.
• God promises another prophet, like Moses, who will speak to the people.
• The mark of true prophet is that the prophecy actually comes to pass.

XIX. Cities of Refuge (Deuteronomy 19).

• Three cities of refuge (with the possibility of adding three more) are to
be set apart for people who are guilty of involuntary manslaughter.
• A family member of the victim may want to avenge the killing, so a system
was put in place to prevent revenge killings.
• The cities were selected by God and were accessible to everyone.
• There is a clear prohibition against removing landmarks or property lines.
• Laws are given regarding witnesses and the requirement is given again
that two witnesses are needed for a conviction.

XX. Rules for a Just War (Deuteronomy 20).

• Moses outlines those exempt from from military service: (1) building a
new house, but not having dedicated it; (2) being engaged, but not married;
(3) being afraid to fight.
• When approaching a city, they are to first offer peace.
• Rules for conducting a siege.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• The prophet God promises in 18:18 is Jesus (cf. Acts 3:18-23) but when He
appeared, He is rejected.
• The cities of refuge are a picture of Jesus. He is the One to whom we
have fled for refuge. Those who trust in Jesus are kept from the judgment
of God.

God bless you all on this Maundy Thursday.

Deuteronomy 14-16

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Deuteronomy 14-16.

XIV. Dietary Laws and Tithes (Deuteronomy 14).

• God chose the people of Israel to be His treasured possession and so they
are to be different from all the nations around them.
• This chapter provides the Israelites an approved list of animals that
they are allowed to eat.
• Kosher animals have split hooves and chews its cud.
• Fish with fins and scales are permitted but fish without fins or scales
are unclean.
• A list of approved birds for consumption is provided.
• All winged things are clean.
• Avoid anything that has died of natural causes or boiling a baby goat in
its mother’s milk.
• A tenth of one’s grain, wine, or olive oil belongs to God.
• If the temple is too far away for an Israelite to bring his crops, then
they can exchange his crops for money and purchase something to sacrifice.

XV. The Sabbatical Year (Deuteronomy 15).

• The Israelites are to forgive all debts every seven years.
• In Israel’s economy there was to be no one poor among them.
• Israelites are to be lenders and not borrowers because the borrower
becomes a slave to the lender.
• Slaves are to be set free in the seventh year and provided with flocks,
grain, and wine.
• If the slave wishes to remain with his master, the slave’s ear can be
pierced and be with the Israelite forever.
• A slave who wishes to leave should be allowed.

XVI. Harvest Festivals (Deuteronomy 16).

• Moses reviews the rules for the harvest festivals (3 of the 7 feasts on
the Jewish calendar).
• The Israelites are to eat unleavened bread during Passover. Since the
Israelites left Egypt with haste, they didn’t have time to let their bread
• Pentecost or the Festival of Weeks is celebrated seven weeks after
• During the Festival of Booths/Tabernacles the Israelites reside in booths
for seven days to commemorate the way Israel lived when they left Egypt.
• All males are commanded to appear before the Lord with an offering at
each of these three festivals. They are not to appear before the Lord
• Judges are to be appointed in every town to deter the people from showing
partiality, accepting bribes and to follow justice.
• Don’t set up any Asherah poles or stone pillars, symbols of pagan worship
which God hates.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• In Jesus’ day the purchase of animals for sacrifice (Deut. 14:24-26) was
badly abused which caused Him to clean the Temple (cf. John 2).
• Passover is a reminder that we have been redeemed by the blood of the
Lamb of God (cf. John 1:29).

Deuteronomy 11-13

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Deuteronomy 11-13:

XI. The Two Ways: Blessings our Curses (Deuteronomy 11).

• The Israelites would be a strong people through their obedience to God
and able to possess the land.
• The Promised Land is not like Egypt. In Egypt they depended on the Nile
for water and irrigation. In the Promised Land there is rain and rain meant
life and flourishing.
• God controls the weather patterns. If the Israelites loved and obeyed God
He would bless them with rain. If they disobeyed God and worshipped other
idols, He will withhold rain from them so that food and fruit will dry up.
• If the Israelites are diligent to follow God, He will also drive out the
other nations.
• Moses even lays down the parameters of the land they will possess.
• God sets before the Israelites the choice between blessing and cursing,
life in the or death (exile) from the land.
• Verses 29-31 anticipate the day when half of the tribes will stand on Mt.
Gerizim to pronounce blessings, and half the tribes will stand on Mt. Ebal
to pronounce curses (cf. Deuteronomy 27).

XII. God’s Appointed Place to Worship (Deuteronomy 12).

• The Israelites are to eliminate anything related to idol worship, destroy
pagan altars and burn down the sacred poles (Asherim).
• God has chosen the place where He will dwell and where He is to be
worshipped with offerings and sacrifices.
• They were to be careful not to offer a sacrifice wherever they would
like, but the place God has chosen. Even if they lived far away, offerings
must be brought the Temple.
• The Israelites are permitted to slaughter and eat meat in their own
places of residence but are to avoid eating blood, for life is in the blood.
• God hates the practices of other nations, especially the horror of child
sacrifice, and the Israelites are to be careful not to be ensnared or
influenced by them.

XIII. Warning Against Idolatry (Deuteronomy 13).

• Any “prophet” or dreamer of dreams who directs the Israelites to worship
other gods must be put to death.
• If any family member or friend seeks to entice a fellow Israelite to
worship other gods, the idolater is to be put to death.
• God is serious about dispelling wickedness from the community.
• Also, if there are some worthless fellows (Hebrew: “children of Belial”),
who seek to entice an entire town to worship other gods, the people and the
livestock are to be killed and the town is to be burned. Everything in it
is to be “devoted to destruction” which means that the Israelites are
banned from keeping anything in it.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• Jesus perfectly kept the commands of God for us and has merited His
blessings for us in God’s eternal presence.
• God had redeemed Israel by His grace so that they would walk in His ways.
In a greater way, Jesus redeemed us from sin and death so that we would
live our lives in conformity to His will and not according to the world.


Come join us for worship this Sunday.

Pastor Paul will end our Holy Week series with “A Mission of Triumph.”

His passages will be Isaiah 53:10-12.

Service times are 9 and 11 am.

Deuteronomy 8-10

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Deuteronomy chapter 8-10.

VIII. The Testing of the Israelites (Deuteronomy 8).

• The Israelites are to remember how God tested them by having them remain
in the wilderness forty years while still providing for their basic
• God was disciplining the Israelites the way a loving parent disciplines a
• God tells the Israelites that they are entering a land of abundance where
they will face the test of prosperity.
• When they come into the land they are not to become proud and arrogant
thinking they earned their prosperity by their own effort and strength.
• God also warns the Israelites of disaster if they commit spiritual
compromise through idolatry.

IX. The Danger of Self-Centeredness (Deuteronomy 9).

• The Promised Land is not unoccupied territory for it is controlled by
mighty nations, including the giant Anakim. However, the Israelites should
not fear them for God is a consuming fire who will subdue them.
• The Israelites greatest danger is how they respond after a battle. Moses
warns the Israelites not to take credit for their victories.
• Moses tells the Israelites that God is giving them the land because of
the covenant He established with the Patriarchs.
• Moses reminds the Israelites how they provoked the Lord with their
rebellious and stubborn ways, especially when Aaron created a golden calf.
God wanted to destroy them and choose another people, but Moses pleaded
with God on behalf of the people, and God changed his mind.
• Moses came down from the mountain with the tablets of law and smashed
• Moses reminds them how often he had to intercede on their behalf.

X. Spiritual Circumcision (Deuteronomy 10).

• Moses placed the Ten Commandments in the Ark made of acacia wood.
• Moses instructs the Israelites to love the Lord with all their heart and
• God is worthy of their deepest devotion.
• The Israelites are to circumcise their hearts and get rid of their
• Moses shows the Israelites what God requires of them: love God and love
the sojourner or stranger (those in need),
• Moses unpacks the glory and character of God.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• Just as the Israelites were not to think they conquered the land by their
own strength, Jesus tells us that we cannot do anything apart from Him. We
depend on Jesus to live a faithful and fruitful life.
• Moses, as a mediator for the Israelites, is a picture of Jesus who in His
role as our Mediator shows us that we gain our inheritance not by ur own
effort and righteousness but His mercy.
• Our response to the grace of God in Christ is to love those in need since
we were at one time in a similar place.

Deuteronomy 5-7

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Deuteronomy chapters 5-7:

V. The Ten Commandments (Numbers 5).

• Moses reviews the covenant that God made with the Israelites at Mt. Horeb.
• He delivers the Law a second time.
• The people of God had three responsibilities to God’s commands: to hear
them, learn them, and do them.
• The first four commandments relate to God and the last six refer to how
the Israelites are to relate to one another.
• When the Israelites heard the Law the first time, they vowed to do all
the Lord commanded.
• Moses concludes by telling this new generation of Israelites, who are on
the threshold of the Promised Land, that if they want to live and flourish
in the land they are to do all the Lord has commanded.

VI. The Greatest Commandment (Deuteronomy 6).

• Moses records the Shema (‘hear’), the foundational prayer and confession
of the Jewish people, as they are reminded of their responsibility before
God, “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. You shall love the
Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your
• The Israelites are instructed to be conscious of God’s law as they do
life everyday. They should teach these laws to their children and talk
about them throughout the day.
• Over the centuries many Jews took Moses’ instruction literally and placed
reminders of God’s Laws on their bodies and wrote them on the walls,
doorposts, and gates of their homes. Some used small boxes that contain
verses from the Pentateuch and them them to their body with straps.
• The Israelites are again reminded not to worship other gods (vv. 13-15).
• Moses warns the people not to test God like they did at Massah. In Exodus
17 the Israelites demanded water and wished that they had never left Egypt.
They also doubted whether God was really with them.
• If the Israelites keep God’s laws, they will flourish in the land.
• When their children ask about God’s Laws they should tell them about all
that God did to lead them out of Egypt into the Promised Land.
• The Israelites are to continue sharing the story of God’s deliverance
from generation to generation.

VII. Conquering Canaan (Deuteronomy 7).

• The Israelites will be entering a land occupied by pagan nations with
whom compromise will be a major challenge.
• The Israelites are not to intermarry with them or else they will fall
into spiritual compromise.
• God chose the Israelites because He loved them and established a covenant
with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
• The Lord is faithful to those who love Him and keep His commandments. He
also punishes those who reject Him.
• The Israelites are not to be afraid as they prepare to conquer Canaan but
remember what the Lord did for them to deliver them from Egypt.
• God will fight for them. He will fulfill what He promised.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• Jesus kept the Law for us so that we are saved by His death and redeemed
by His perfect obedience.
• When Jesus is asked about the greatest commandment of all, He quotes
Deuteronomy 6.