Judges 18-19

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Judges 18-19:

XVI. The Tribe of Dan Conquers Laish (Judges 18).

• In these days without a king where lawlessness abounds, a group of
Danites are looking for a place to settle down with their families.
• They send out five men to find a suitable spot.
• While they visit Micah’s town, they recognize the voice of the Levite
priest living there.
• They request that he seek God on their behalf as to where they should
find a home.
• The Levite tells them that God will help them.
• They find a pleasant, spacious city called Laish that isn’t guarded very
• (Lisa, my mother and I visited Laish in our recent trip to Israel. It was
one of the most scenic areas, located in a hilly area with a flowing stream
of fresh water).
• The spies return to their families and gather 600 warriors to conquer
• On their way, they pass near Micah’s house.
• They stop at Micah’s home to visit the Levite.
• While visiting, they steal Micah’s idols, household gods and ephod.
• They also convince the Levite to leave Micah’s home and be their priest
• When they leave, Micah pursues them but stops when he realizes the
Danites were more powerful than he and his men.
• The Danites conquer Laish, settle down, and name the place Dan (The
Israelites now dwell from “Dan” (in the north) “to Bathsheba” (in the
• They set up their own alternative site with the carved image, since there
was no king or judge to stop them.

XVII. A Levite and His Concubine (Judges 19).

• This is a very disturbing story.
• A concubine leaves her Levite husband (a different Levite from chapters
• Some think she committed adultery, while others think she left because he
was a rotten husband. The word for “unfaithful” could be translated, “She
became angry with him.”
• She returns to her father’s home in Bethlehem but her husband follows her
there and tries to win her back.
• He speaks nicely to her and convinces her to come back.
• The woman’s father, not wanting them to leave, persuades them to stay for
another five days.
• When they finally depart, they come to a Benjamite city called Gibeah.
It’s getting late. They can’t find a place to spend the night, so they just
sit down in the city square.
• An older man sees them and invites them to stay in his house for the
• He provides a meal for them and offers to feed their donkeys.
• That night a group of Benjamites arrive at his door and demand that the
older man let them know his guest.
• The older man refuses but offers the man’s concubine and even his own
daughter (unbelievable!).
• The Benjamites refuse at first but when the Levite brings out his
concubine, the men take her away until sunrise.
• She makes it back to the older man’s house and collapses at the door.
• Her husband finds her when he opens the door in the morning. She is dead.
• He loads her onto his donkey and returns home.
• Upon arrival, he cuts her body into twelve pieces and sends one piece to
every tribe of Israel.
• The news of this atrocity spreads throughout Israel.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• These two chapters reveal our need for Jesus.
• In Judges 18 we see our need to worship Him as He prescribes. Worship is
not a D.I.Y project. We are to worship Him in spirit and in truth.
• In Judges 19 we see our need for Jesus to save us and rescue us from
ourselves. This chapter reveals the depravity of the human heart only Jesus
can transform.

Judges 14-17

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Judges 14-17:

XIV. The Descent of Samson (Judges 14).

• The end of the previous chapter seemed to offer great promise regarding
Samson but the first recorded event in his adult life was his desire to
marry a Philistine.
• He insists, against his parent’s protests, and yet they set out to
negotiate the marriage.
• Along the way to her home in Timnah, a young lion attacks him.
• The Spirit of the Lord rushes upon Samson and he kills the lion with his
bare hands.
• Samson’s parents negotiate with her parents who agree to the marriage.
• Later, when h returns to her home to marry her, he passes the carcass of
the lion he killed, which is swarming with bees and filled with honey.
• He eats some of the honey, and gives some to his parents without telling
them where he got it since a Nazirite was not to touch any dead thing.
• Following the custom, Samson prepared a feast at his bride’s home.
• At the feast, he foolishly poses a riddle to thirty Philistines.
• They can’t figure it out, so they go to Samson’s wife with an ultimatum,
“Tell us the answer to your husband’s riddle, or we’ll burn your father’s
house down with you in it.”
• He is unable to resist her pleas and breaks the secret.
• He went down to Ashkelon and kills thirty Philistines to pay off his bet.
• But when he returned to his wife’s home, her father changed his mind and
gave her to his best man.
• Samson’s story is a personal tragedy yet God saw fit to use him as the
basis for a national deliverance. God, in His sovereignty, uses Samson’s
sinful choices to fulfill His purpose.

XV. Samson Kills a Thousand Philistines and Judges Israel (Judges 15).

• Samson returns to see his wife, but her father won’t let him see her.
• Her father thought Samson hated her, so he offered his younger daughter
to him instead.
• In his anger he catches 300 foxes and using them as firebrands he
releases them to burn up their fields and orchards.
• The Philistines react by burning his wife and her father.
• The Philistines prepare to fight against Judah but he permits the tribe
of Judah to bring him bound to the Philistines.
• When the Philistines reached Lehi (meaning “jawbone”), they start
shouting at him.
• The Spirit of the Lord rushes upon Samson, he breaks the ropes that are
binding him, and finding the jawbone of a donkey he wields it like a club,
and kills 1,000 Philistines.
• In great thirst God opens up a spring of water for him to drink from and
be revived.
• Samson judged Israel for 20 years.

XVI. Samson and Delilah and His Final Act (Judges 16).

• Samson could defeat his enemies in battle but he did not know
• He went to Gaza, a Philistine city, and visits a harlot.
• The Philistines find out he’s there, surround him while he’s sleeping,
but at midnight, he tears down the doors of the gates to the city and
carries them on his shoulders to the top of a hill beneath Hebron.
• Samson falls in love with another Philistine woman named Delilah.
• The Philistine leaders persuade Delilah to seduce Samson and persuade her
to find out the source of his strength–for a pile of silver.
• Three times Samson fakes the sources of his strength.
• She finally ratchets up her romantic manipulation and gets Samson to
reveal the true source of his strength is his hair.
• Delilah tells the Philistines everything.
• They pay her off with the silver, and she has Samson fall asleep on her
• While he sleeps, Delilah has a servant cut his hair. The Spirit of the
Lord left him.
• The Philistines capture him, gouge out his eyes, and bound him in Gaza–
but his hair begins to grow.
• During a pagan feast, they haul him out of prison to entertain them.
• They placed him between two pillars, with thousands of Philistines seated
above him after watching his show.
• Samson pleads to God for one final display of power and brings the house
down on all of them and himself.
• Samson’s body is brought back back to be buried near his family.

XVII. Micah and the Levite (Judges 17).

• The next four chapters we read are not necessarily in chronological
order. Some Bible students think they best fit the context of the opening
chapter and others suggest that they happen after the period of judges.
• These events happen when there was no king in Israel and in the famous
words of this book, “Everyone did what was right in their own eyes.’
• The first story is more disturbing than anything else we have read in
Judges. This chapter sets the story up.
• It’s the story of a man named Micah.
• He pretends that someone else stole a lot of money from his mother.
• He later admits to having done it and returns it.
• She’s very happy to get her money back and uses it to make an idol.
• He sets the idol up in his own home along with a shrine, an ephod, and
other household gods and has one of his sons serve as priest his own priest.
• A Levite from Bethlehem came to Micah’s home in Ephraim, and Micah
convinces him to be a priest in his house with an annual salary.
• Micah’s feeling pretty good about having a priest in his own home.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• The Spirit of the Lord was the true source of Samson’s strength. We too
can do nothing apart from the Spirit of the Lord in our own lives. Jesus is
the ultimate example of the One who fully relied on the Holy Spirit and who
alone provided complete salvation for His people.
• In his final act, Samson accomplished deliverance for his people through
self-sacrifice. Jesus again is our ultimate Deliverer, for He allowed
Himself to be bound, and He accomplished our redemption through His
sacrifice on the cross.


Come join us for worship this Sunday.

Pastor Paul Beck will continue our sermon series *A Reasonable Faith* with
his message “Believing in Scripture in a Post-Christian Culture.”

His scripture passages will be Acts 17:24-31; 1 Thessalonians 2:1-8, 13;
and 1 Timothy 3:16.

Service times are 9 and 11 am.

Judges 11-13

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Judges 11-13:

XI. The Judgeship of Jephthah and His Rash Vow (Judges 11).

• The next leader of Israel, Jephthah, is the son of Gilead and the son of
a prostitute.
• His half-brothers chased him out of town when he was older to keep him
away from their father’s inheritance because of his mother.
• In a turn of events, when the Ammonites are set to attack Israel, his
brothers ask him to be their leader.
• Jephthah agrees to becoming the leader of Israel’s army.
• Jephthah sends a messenger to the king of the Ammonites to inquire why
he’s attacking Israel. The response of the king is because Israel stole his
• Jephthah gives a history of the Ammonites and Moabites refusing to give
the Israelites passage when they were leaving Egypt.
• So he counters that God Himself gave Israel the land.
• As Jephthah prepares to fight he makes a rash and impulsive vow to offer
to the Lord whatever or whoever stands at his door when he returns
• The Lord delivers the Ammonites into Jephthah’s hands.
• On his return home the first thing he sees is his only child and
daughter, causing his heart to sink.
• Rather than repent over his rashness he is commited to keeping his vow.
• His daughter submits but asks that she first be given two months to go
into mountains with friends and mourn that she’ll never be married or have
• When she returns he offers his daughter to God.
• There is disagreement among Bible students whether Jephthah actually
sacrificed his daughter or offered her for entire life for service at the
• Either way, Jephthah erred greatly and yet, the Spirit of the Lord was
upon him and he is remembered as a man of faith in Hebrews 11.

XII. The Conflict Between the Gileadites and the Ephraimites (Judges 12).

• The Ephraimites, a tribe with the reputation of being belligerent and
arrogant, are angry with Jephthah for not including them in his fight
against the Ammonites.
• Jephthah made it clear that they were called to the fight but did not
• This triggers a conflict between the army of Gileadites and the
• When the defeated Ephraimites try to escape back to their own territory,
they had to use a river-crossing controlled by Jephthah’s men.
• They tried to pass themselves off as non-Ephraimites.
• So the Gileadites develop a test for anyone who wants to cross asking
them to say “shibboleth” (meaning “stream” in Hebrew), because the
Ephraimites can’t make the “shh” sound.
• Thousands of Ephraimites die trying to cross over Jordan because their
dailect gives them away.
• Jephthah judges Israel for six more years and dies.
• Ibzan of Bethlehem judges Israel for years and has sixty children.
• Elon of Zeblun judges Israel for 10 years.
• Abdon, the Piranthonite, judges Israel for 8 years.

XIII. The Birth of Samson (Judges 13).

• Israel turns from the Lord and as a result experiences forty years of
Philistine captivity.
• Manaoh, of the tribe of Dan, and his wife have no children.
• The angel of the Lord appears to his wife and promises her a son who will
begin to whom she is to raise as a Nazirite from the womb.
The Nazarite vow was a special vow first spelled out in Numbers 6
• Manoah’s wife was to begin keeping the vow for her son while he was
• Manoah asks for the angel to appear a second time and He appears again to
his wife. Manoah comes to his wife while the angel is still with her.
• He requests more information regarding how to raise this child and his
mission in life.
• Manoah and his wife offer a sacrifice and the angel of the Lord reveals
His acceptance of it as He ascends with it.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• The story of Jephthah, a human deliverer, shows us our need for a greater
Savior. Instead of making a sacrifice for us, Jesus offers Himself as the
ultimate sacrifice for our sins.
• In the birth announcement of Samosn, notice the progression of titles
given to the angel of the Lord . He is called the angel of the Lord, a man
of God, and then God. Later, the angel of the Lord indicated that His name
was wonderful. This is the highest concentration of the use of the angel of
the Lord title in the OT, who is the pre-incarnate appearance of Jesus.

Judges 9-10

#?OTin52? Our reading today is Judges 9-10:

IX. Abimlech and the Story of Failed Leadership (Judges 9).

• This chapter is about Abimelech’s (Gidoen’s son) three-year troubled
• Abimelech tries to convince his mother’s family that he ought to be king
of Israel – contrary to his father’s attitude.
• The only obstacle is his seventy brothers.
• He gathers contributions from the men of Shechem and recruits some
questionable characters to help him.
• He then executes his 70 brothers on a single stone.
• One of his brothers, Jotham, is able to hide and avoid the slaughter.
• Thinking he had removed all rivals, Abimelech is made king of Israel.
• But Jotham tells a parable to show how unwise it would be accept to
Abimelch as king.
• After three years, the men of Shechem are sick of Abimelech, and devise a
plan to get rid of him.
• They form an alliance with Gaal, who organizes a revolt.
• The ruler of Shechem, Zebul, doesn’t like Gaal, so he secretly tells
Abimelech to come and hide his armies in the fields surrounding the city
until morning.
• In the morning Gaal looks out of the city gates and thinks he sees them
• But Zebul convinces him that he’s just seeing things, allowing Abimelech
to stage a surprise attack against Gaal’s army.
• Abimelech chases them until they retreat back to Shechem.
• Zebul throws Gaal out of the city, but his army remains.
• Abimelech overruns Shechem and kills everyone except those that barricade
themselves inside a temple of Baal-berith.
• Abimelech and his men go to the mountains and chop down a bunch of tree
branches, which they use to set the temple on fire, killing 1,000 men and
women (recall Jotham’s parable).
• Abimelech takes his army to Thebez and captures it.
• The survivors shut themselves in a tower in the city.
• Abimelech prepares to burn the tower but a woman drops a heavy stone off
of the tower right and crushes his skull.
• Abimelech knows his wound is mortal and can’t bear the shame of being
killed by a woman, so he has his servant thrust his sword through him.

X. Peace followed by Idolatry then Candid Confession (Judges 10).

• Tola judged Israel for 23 years.
• Following Tola, Jair judges Israel for 22 years.
• No great feats of Tola or Jair are recorded but combined they give Israel
45 years of peace.
• After the death of Jair, Israel starts worshiping the gods of Syria,
Zidon, Moab, and the Philistines. The idolatry of Israel expands.
• God uses the Philistines to oppress the Israelites for 18 years.
• For the first time in Judges, the Israelites confess their sin and cry
out to the Lord and turn away from idolatry.
• The Ammonites gather an army in Gilead to fight against Israel but the
mean of Gilead realize there’s a vacuum in leadership.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• In an election year, the story of Abimelech is worthy of close
attention.Ultimately, the only righteous leader and true king is Jesus, who
always leads His people forward in faith and in integrity and keeps people
from devouring one another.

Judges 7-8

VII. God Weakens Gideon’s Army (Judges 7).

• Gideon’s large army gathers for battle in the Moreh Valley. But God tells
him he’s got too many men because it matters that God gets the credit for
victory. It must be thinned out.
• So Gideon tells everyone who’s afraid that they can leave–and 22,000
return home. Ten thousand soldiers remain with Gideon.
• God says that his army is still too large, and directs him to thin the
ranks even more using a unique test.
• When the army heads down to the river for a water break, God tells Gideon
to watch how each man drinks.
• 9,700 of them drink from it by getting down on their knees and lapping
from the river. These men are sent home.
• The other 300 drink by cupping their hands to their mouths, being careful
to remain on the outlook. This is Gideon’s army.
• They take their provisions and their trumpets and march off to battle
against the Midianites and the Amalekites.
• Gideon is still afraid. God tells him to take a servant and spy on the
Midianite camp to hear what they’re saying.
• He overhears some soldiers talking about a dream one of them had about a
piece of bread rolling into their camp and knocking over a tent.
• This gives Gideon assurance to take his 300 men to fight agianst the
• Every soldier is given a trumpet and an empty water pitcher with a lamp
inside it, and is directed to follow Gideon’s actions.
• He orders them to surround the Midianite camp, wait for his signal, and
then blow their trumpets, shouting, “The sword of the Lord, and of Gideon.”
• Gideon gives the signal and the men break their pitchers, revealing their
lamps, and start shouting and blowing their own horns.
• This throws the Midianite camp into chaos causing them to kill each other.
• Israel pursues Midian and captures two of their princes, Oreb and Zeeb,
chopping off their heads as gifts for Gideon.

VIII. Gideon’s Success and Failure (Judges 8).

• Gideon’s army continues to pursue the fleeing Midianites, led by their
kings Zeba and Zalmunna.
• They pass through the towns of Succoth and Penuel. The people in both
towns refuse to provide food for Gideon’s army. Gideon promises he’ll make
them pay for their neglect.
• His army defeats Midian and captures the Midianite kings.
• On their way back, Gideon captures a young man from Succoth, who
identifies the elders and princes of the city that were lacking in
• Gideon beats them with thorns and briars.
• He also returns to Penuel and breaks down their tower and kills the men
of the city.
• While interrogating Zebah and Zalmunna, Gideon finds out that they killed
his brothers in Tabor.
• Gideon tells his oldest son, Jether, to kill them. Since he is just a
boy, he doesn’t want to do it.
• The two kings ask Gideon to finish it off.
• Gideon removes the ornaments from their camels’ necks.
• Israel asks Gideon to be their king, and his sons after him, because he’s
delivered them from Midian.
• Gideon refuses, and tells them that the Lord will be their king.
• He asks his men to give him all of the gold they’ve captured from the
• With the gold, Gideon fashions an ephod which would ensnare him and his
family for years.
• In spite of Gideon’s sin, Israel enjoyed peace for 40 years.
• For the rest of his years Gideon has many wives and concubines, who gave
him 70-some-odd sons, including Abimelech.
• Gideon dies at an old age.
• After Gideon’s death, the Israelites forget about God–again.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• In our weakness, God’s strength is magnified. Just as Gideon’s army was
“weakened” to 300 men; just as Jesus was nailed to a wooden cross in
weakness; so in our weakness God is also glorified.

Judges 5-6

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Judges 5-6:

V. The Song of Deborah (Judges 5).

• This chapter is the exuberant song of victory that Deborah and Barak sing
regarding what God had done by defeating Sisera.
• Their song or poem is an ode–an exalted lyric written in a high style.
• The leaders led and the people were willing.
• God will do exploits if you trust Him.
• Some sacrificed while others stayed home.
• Deborah’s victory brought the dawn of a new day.
• Israel enjoys 40 years of peace.

VI. The Call of Gideon (Judges 6).

• Israel disobeys God again.
• The oppression of the Israelites by the Midianites.
• Israel cries out to God to save them.
• The Lord sends a prophet who tells the story of Israel’s deliverance from
• The prophet rebukes Israel for worshiping other gods.
• God sends the angel of the Lord to Gideon, the next judge in Israel.
• Gideon is an unlikely person to lead Israel and is loaded with questions
revealing his lack of confidence and trust.
• If God is for Israel, then why are things so hard for the Israelites?
• Why would God pick him, the least significant member of his family?
• God saw the potential in Gideon as a mighty warrior.
• The story of Gideon is the making of a hero who did not want to be one.
• God directs Gideon to tear down an altar to Baal.
• Gideon begins to act as a leader who, with the assistance of ten men,
knocks down the altar, cuts down the grove next to it, builds a new altar
to God in its place, and uses the wood to offer a sacrifice to God.
• The Midianites and the Amalekites gather for war against Israel.
• Gideon blows his trumpet and gathers Israel for battle.
• In his under-confidence, he resorts to using a fleece to test the Lord.
• God understands his fear and willingly meets his need.
• Gideon asks for and receives a sign that God will save Israel by his hand.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• Only as Gideon trusted in the Lord did he know victory. In the same way,
it is only through Jesus’ work on our behalf that we are able to tear down
the strongholds of idolatry.

Judges 2-4

II. The Cycle of Sin (Judges 2).

• This chapter is a preview of the cyclical pattern found throughout Judges.
• Israel sins: Israel forgets God and commits apostasy.
• God’s judgment: The nation experiences oppression.
• Israel mourns: The people cry out in distress.
• God delivers God raises up judges who delivers them out of their enemies’
• Israel returns to God: Israel worships God for a time.
• Israel sins: The nation eventually returns to its idolatry.
• This cycle repeats itself seven times in the book of Judges.

III. The First Three Judges: Othniel, Shamgar and Ehud (Judges 3).

• God left five lords of the Philistines, Canaanites, Sidonians, and
Hivites in Canaan to test Israel’s devotion to Him and to train them to
• Israel forgets God, worships Baal, and is oppressed by Mesopotamia, whom
they serve for 8 years.
• Israel cries out to the Lord so he raises up the first judge: Othniel,
Caleb’s nephew.
• Under Othniel, Israel enjoys 40 years of peace.
• After his death, Israel forgets God, and is oppressed by Moab for 18
• Israel cries out to the Lord, who raises them up another judge to deliver
them: Ehud, who has a plan to take out Eglon.
• Israel sends Ehud to give Eglon a present.
• Ehud is left-handed like many of his fellow Benjamites. This allows him
to conceal his sword on the right side of his body.
• When Ehud arrives, he tells the king he has a secret to tell him causing
the king to dimiss his guards.
• While Ehud is alone with Eglon he draws close and stabs Eglon in the
• The sword gets stuck in the king’s fat. Eglon means “calf,” as in, “he
ate a calf” and was prepared for slaughter.
• Eglon’s servants don’t realize he’s dead until Ehud is gone.
• Ehud leads Israel to fight against Moab and they kill 10,000 men ushering
in 80 years of peace.
• Shamgar was raised up and he killed 600 Philistines with an oxgoad.

IV. Deborah the Heroine (Judges 4).

• Ehud dies and Israel turns away from God.
• They are conquered by Jabin, king of Canaan.
• Israel cries out to the Lord.
• God raises up another judge: Deborah, a prophetess, and Israel’s only
female judge. She is one of the famous women in Israelite history.
• She is also commander-in-chief of Israel’s forces.
• Deborah tells Barak, an Israelite general, that God commands him to take
10,000 soldiers from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun and attack Jabin’s
• Victory from God is assured.
• Barak will only go to battle if Deborah joins him but she lets him know
that it won’t be him who kills Sisera, general of the king’s army, it will
be a woman.
• Barak leads 10,000 men against Sisera’s army, including 900 chariots of
• Barak’s army kills everyone except Sisera.
• He’s hiding in Heber’s tent.
• Jael, Heber’s wife, goes out to meet Sisera and encourages him to come
inside their tent.
• Sisera tells Jael not to tell anyone about his whereabouts.
• When he falls asleep Jael takes a nail of the tent, and drives the nail
into his temples.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• God’s deliverance of His people today extends deeper and further than our
self-inflicted failure and disobedience by sending us the ultimate
Deliverer, His Son, the Lord Jesus.
• Deborah’s question to Barak is still a vital one today: “Does not the
Lord go out before you?” In everything we face, Jesus goes out before us.
There is nothing that touches us that doen’t touch Him first.

Joshua 23-24; Judges 1

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is Joshua 23, 24 and Judges 1.

By God’s Providence, Lisa and I found ourselves visiting Beth-shean today.
This city is mentioned in Judges 1 as one of the Canaanite stronholds
Manasseh was unable to overtake. In this city today, the ruins of what was
once an advanced Roman city, is being excavated. It was an extraordinary

XXXIII. Joshua’s Farewell Address (Joshua 23).

• In the final days of his life, Joshua calls the tribes living in the land
together to review all that God had done for them.
• In his farwell address, he reviews how the Lord fought for Israel and
drove out the other nations, and then how he divided the land among the
• Joshua warns the Israelites to courageously keep God’s laws.
• They are not to marry outside of their nation.
• They are not to follow their gods but are to cling to God.
• If they fail in those areas, God will not help them in driving them out
and those nations will be a trap for them.
• Joshua knows his time has come and reminds the nation that God’s promise
to them has not failed even once.
• However, he warns the Israelites that God will provide for them as long
as they follow the covenant, but the anger of God will be upon them if they

XXIV. Joshua’s Appeal to the Entire Nation (Joshua 24).

• Joshua calls all twelve tribes together at Shechem.
• He recounts the stories of their ancestors beginning with Terah,
Abraham’s father, to Abraham whom God brought into Canaan, through Isaac,
Jacob and Esau, through Moses and the exodus, to the possession of the land
under his leadership.
• Joshua is helping the Israelites grasp the greatness of God and all He
had done for them.
• Joshua tells the people to follow the Lord with sinceity and not to serve
other gods.
• He makes his own famous appeal that they are to choose this day whom they
will serve but as for him and his house, they will serve the Lord.
• The people promise that they will not serve other gods because of all
that God has done for them.
• The Israelites again promise that they will serve God alone.
• Joshua says that it’s up to them to follow the covenant written in the
Law (21-26).
• Joshua uses a stone to serve as a witness against Israel, if they are
• Joshua dies and is buried at the age of 110.
• The people of Israel bury Joseph’s bones in Shechem.
• The Book of Joshua ends with the death of Eleazar the priest and son of

The Book of Judges

I. Judges 1

• After the death of Joshua, the tribes begin to fight on an individual
basis, fighting together only occasionally.
• But the remaining Canaanites still had to be removed.
• God tells the tribe of Judah to lead the attack on the Canaanites. The
tribe of Simeon joins them and they kill 10,000 men.
• They capture the king of Bezek and cut off his thumbs and big toes –
something he had done to 70 other kings.
• The other tribes continue the conquest of Canaan but their progress is
incomplete – something that will haunt them time and again.
• In a story already mentioned in Joshua, Caleb offers his daughter
Achsah’s hand in marriage to whoever captures the city of Kirjath-sepher.
• Othniel is victorious.
• Spies from the tribe of Joseph convince a Canaanite man to show them the
entrance to the city of Bethel.
• His reward is that his family is protected when they eventually enter the

Jesus in the Old Testament

• While Israel will be exiled for their unfaithfulness, something Joshua
suspected and God knew, yet after the exile God’s promise will come in the
Person of His Son. Jesus will be the greater leader and Savior we all need.
Because of Christ we inherit, not just a plot of land, but exceedingly
great and eternal promises.
• In the book of Judges the people realize their need for a deliverer.
Before individual judges appear, the tribe of Judah assumes a leading role.
Judah’s role looks ahead to Jesus, who will come out of Judah to save His


Come join us for worship this Sunday.

Our guest speaker, Phil Downer, will be talking about “Changing the World
Through Discipleship.”

His passage will be Matthew 28:19.

Service times are 9 and 11 am.