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2 Samuel 13-14

?#OTin52? Our reading today is 2 Samuel 13-14:

XIII. Trouble in David’s Home (2 Samuel 13).

• God told David that while his sin was forgivable the consequences would
be unavoidable. In these chapters, David’s predicted trouble begins.
• David’s oldest son, Amnon, is obsessed with his half-sister Tamar
(Absalom’s sister).
• His cousin, Jonadab, asks him why he looks so haggard.
• Amnon tells him about his sister. So crafty Jonadab tells him to pretend
to be sick and then ask David to send Tamar to come into his room to
prepare him something to eat.
• When she arrives, Amnon refuses to eat with others around.
• When they are alone he asks her to sleep with him. She refuses because it
was forbidden.
• He violates his own sister.
• After committing this sin, Amnon is overcome with loathing for Tamar
(lust and hate are born of the same spirit).
• Tamar puts ashes on her head and rips her robe in lament.
• Tamar goes to Absalom, who tells her not to tell any one for the time
being.
• When David hears about it, he is angry, but doesn’t want to punish Amnon.
• Absalom’s hatred for Amnon intensifies.
• David did nothing about what had happened.
• Two years later, Absalom decides it’s time to take strike back.
• He invites David and his servants to accompany him to visit some
sheep-shearers in Ephraim.
• As Absalom expected, David doesn’t want to go, so Absalom asks if Amnon
can go.
• David may have been a little wary but he says yes anyway. So Amnon and
the king’s other sons go with Absalom.
• When Amnon and Absalom are feasting, Amnon gets drunk and Absalom orders
his servants to kill him.
• David’s other sons run away.
• A rumor reaches David that Absalom has killed all of David’s sons.
• David weeps and tears his clothes, but Jonadab says that Absalom killed
Amnon for violating Tamar.
• Meanwhile, Absalom runs away, and hides with the son of the King of
Geshur.
• David yearns for Absalom to return after being gone now for a total of
three years.

XIV. David and Absalom (2 Samuel 14).

• Joab knows how distraught David is over Absalom’s absence. So he recruits
a “wise” woman from Tekoa to go to the king and pretend to be in mourning.
• She says what Joab told her, telling David that she is a widow who had
two sons who got into a fight and one killed the other.
• Her clan demanded justice, requiring her to give up the son who was
guilty of killing his brother.
• David says that she can go back to her house and he will make his
decision.
• She says that she will bear the guilt for keeping her son alive.
• David says he will make sure that she remains safe and that her son will
be safe too.
• Then the woman speaks privately with David.
• She admits that she really is asking him why he won’t forgive Absalom and
let him return from exile.
• David asks her if Joab put her up to this, which she admits.
• David then tells Joab he can bring Absalom back, but that Absalom won’t
be permitted to come into David’s presence.
• Joab thanks David and finds Absalom.
• Now Absalom was handsome and he grew his hair really long, cutting it
only once a year. His annual haircut weighed 11 grams.
• Absalom returns to Jerusalem but doesn’t see his father for two more
years.
• Absalom sends word to Joab to help him see his father but Joab ignores
his requests.
• Absalom’s servants set Joab’s barley field on fire. When Joab confronts
him, Absalom says it’s because Joab was ignoring him.
• Joab arranges a meeting between Absalom and David as Absalom prostrates
himself before David, and David kisses him.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• When Absalom first returned to Jerusalem David did not see him face to
face for another two years. When God forgives us through His Son Jesus, His
forgiveness is complete. We can immediately come into His presence and see
His face.



2 Samuel 10-12

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is 2 Samuel 10-12:

X. David’s Victory Over the Ammonites (2 Samuel 10).

• The king of the Ammonites, a loyal ally to David, dies and his son,
Hanun, becomes king. David sends servants to express his condolences but
Hanun’s brothers are convinced that they’re spies.
• The princes persuade Hanun to act so he captures David’s servants,
humiliates them by cutting off the middle region of their garments, and
shaving half their beards, and sending them back to David.
• David orders them to recoup in Jericho while their beards grow back.
• The Ammonites prepare for battle, also hiring mercenaries from Syria
numbering in the thousands, to march against the Israelites. They surround
the city of Jerusalem.
• General Joab leads his own special force, while putting the other
soldiers under the command of his brother, Abishai.
• Joab’s special forces successfully beat back the Ammonite and Syrian
forces causing them to flee.
• The Arameans and King Hadadezer gather even more forces against Israel.
• They meet at Helam, under the command of Shobach.
• David personally leads out an army, killing forty thousand, destroying
seven hundred chariot teams, and killing Shobach.
• The Arameans are forced to make peace with Israel and pay tribute to the
Israelites.

XI. David’s Great Sin(s) (2 Samuel 11).

• It’s springtime, and also wartime, and David sends Joab out to fight the
Ammonites, while he stays behind in Jerusalem.
• One day, David is taking a stroll on the roof of his palace and he sees a
woman bathing.
• David sends someone to find out who she is and learns that she’s
Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah the Hittite, one of David’s men.
• David sends his messengers to bring Bathsheba to him.
• They sleep together and later Bathsheba sends him word that she’s
pregnant.
• David sends for Uriah. When he returns, David asks him how the army is
doing. He then tells Uriah to go wash his feet in his own home.
• But Uriah doesn’t sleep in his own home. Instead, he sleeps on David’s
steps because the army (along with the Ark) is still set up in camps. It
wouldn’t be right for him to sleep with his own wife.
• David retains Uriah for another day, gets Uriah drunk at an evening
feast, but even then Uriah still doesn’t return home.
• David sends a letter to Joab (which Uriah unwittingly delivers by his own
hand) telling him to send Uriah into the toughest part of the battle, and
then draw back, assuring that he gets killed.
• Joab does as David ordered causing other Israelite soldiers also to be
killed in action.
• Joab sends a messenger to David to inform him that Uriah the Hittite is
dead.
• David tells the messenger to tell Joab not to worry about it, and to keep
trying to overthrow the city they’re fighting.
• Bathsheba grieves Uriah’s death.
• David takes her into his house and marries her, and she gives birth to a
son.
• But the secret sin in David’s palace is open scandal in heaven.

XII. God’s Judgment and Mercy (2 Samuel 12).

• God sends the prophet Nathan to David.
• Nathan tells David about a poor man who had a little lamb that he loved.
He fed it and treated it like it was a daughter.
• One day, a traveler was visiting a local rich man, and, instead of
killing one of his own sheep, the rich man took the poor man’s lamb and fed
it to his guest.
• In anger, David says that rich man should be killed for doing such an
evil thing. At the least, he should be forced to pay back the poor man
four-fold for stealing his sheep.
• Nathan tells David, “You’re that rich man.”
• Nathan unpacks God’s message for David and the punishment for his
terrible sin. God had raised David up, made him king over Israel, blessed
him, but it wasn’t enough. David stole the wife of a loyal soldier and then
had him murdered.
• God renders that David’s house will always be at war, and that David’s
“neighbor” will sleep with David’s own wives before all Israel.
• David admits his great sin against God and Nathan says that David won’t
die or lose God’s favor forever.
• The son born to Bathsheba becomes gravely ill.
• David begs God not to let his son die. He fasts and prays.
• The elders attempt to get David to eat but he refuses.
• The child dies and his death is confirmed by David’s servants.
• David gets up, washes, anoints himself, worships God, and then eats, to
the surprise of his servants.
• David indicates that he fasted as long as there might be the possibility
that God would spare the child.
• But now that the child has passed, David acknowledges that he will go to
his child in death, but his child won’t come back to him in life.
• David consoles Bathsheba, and they have another child—Solomon.
• God loves Solomon and sends Nathan to convey it in a message.
• Solomon is given a second name, Jedidiah, which means, “beloved of the
Lord.”
• Meanwhile, Joab is still fighting the Ammonites. He takes their royal
city. He tells David to come and lead the rest of the army to take over the
rest of the city of Rabbah, so that it will be called by David’s name and
not Joab’s.
• David succeeds, takes the king’s impressive crown and wears it, plunders
the city, and then conquers other Ammonite cities.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• Where sin abounds, grace abounds still more. In David’s great sin there
are grave consequences and evident mercy. In the gospel, our own sin is not
dismissed as inconsequential. Rather, the gravity of our sin resulted in
the death of Christ, who took the punishment intended for us upon Himself.
• The grace of Jesus is on further display still in that the Son of God
traces His earthly ancestry back to David through David’s Son, Solomon, who
like the Son of God, is beloved of the Lord.



42870

Come join us for worship this Sunday.

Paul Beck will continue in our *A Reasonable Faith* series with his sermon
on “Advocating Design to a Skepitcal Culture.”

His texts will be: Genesis 1:1-2; Genesis 2:1-4; Psalm 19:1-4; Romans
1:19-20; Colossians 1:16-17; & Hebrews 11:3

Service times are 9 and 11 am.



2 Samuel 6-9

#?OTin52? Our reading today is 2 Samuel 6-9:

VI. David Brings the Ark into Jerusalem on the Second Attempt (2 Samuel 6).

• David is eager to bring the Ark of the Covenant from Baale-judah to
Jerusalem. They load it on a newly built cart, driven by named Uzzah and
Ahio.
• David dances in front of the Ark with singing, tambourines, lyres, and
other instruments.
• When they reach the threshing floor of Nacon, Uzzah reaches out and
touches the Ark in order to keep it from falling and is immediately struck
dead.
• The intention was right but the method was wrong and Uzzah paid for the
error with his life (cf. Exodus 25:12-14).
• David is both scared of the Lord and angry so he leaves the Ark with
Obed-edom for three months.
• God blesses Obed-edom and his household which encourages David to attempt
to bring the Ark into Jerusalem a second time.
• David brings the Ark into Jerusalem, offering a sacrifice after the Ark
moves six paces inside the city. He dances unguardedly in front of God and
the Ark, wearing only his linen ephod.
• Michal thinks he is acting foolishly and she despises him.
• After placing the Ark in a tent, provides food for all the people and
blesses them.
• When he returns home, Michal reveals her disrespect for his shamefully
act.
• David replies that God chose him to be king after Saul, and that he will
make himself even more contemptible in her eyes and his own.
• Michal remains childless to the day of her death, as a consequence (Bible
students differ whether this was the Lord’s punishment or David’s
intentional neglect).

VII. David’s Desire to Build a Temple (2 Samuel 7).

• David feels it’s time to build a house for God and His Ark since he
resides in a palace and Nathan, the prophet, quickly agrees.
• However, that night, God speaks to Nathan and tells him that David is not
the right man to build His house.
• God will build David’s house and it will be a kingdom that will exist
forever, but one of David’s sons will actually be the builder of God’s
temple.
• Even the sins of David’s descendants will not derail God’s plans.
• Nathan tells all of this to David and upon hearing the news he sits
before the Lord.
• David give thanks to God, praising Him, saying that there’s no one like
Him. He also asks God to fulfill His promises towards Israel.

VIII. David’s Military Victories ( 2 Samuel 8).

• David successfully continues his military campaigns against Israel’s
enemies.
• He defeats the Philistines, taking the city of Metheg-ammah, and the
Moabites, leaving those who survive to pay tribute to him.
• David also wins a stunning victory against King Hadadezer of Zobah, who
was restoring a monument to himself when David’s troops swept in and
captured his horsemen, soldiers, and chariot horses.
• The Arameans of Damascus try to help Hadadezer, but David kills twenty-
two thousand and reduces the rest of them to paying tribute.
• He captures gold shields from Hadadezer’s soldiers, and lots of bronze
from different towns.
• The victory over Hadadezer pleases one of Hadadezer’s old rivals, King
Toi of Hamath, who sends his son, Joram, to bring silver, gold, and bronze
to David.
• David dedicates these and all the precious metals to God.
• He also defeats the Edomites, stations his own troops in Edom, and makes
them pay him tribute.
• The chapter closes with a list of David’s officials.
• David commits the resources he has won to the Lord for the temple to be
built after him.

IX. David and Mephibosheth (2 Samuel 9).

• David seeks to honor Jonathan by showing kindness to any remaining
members of Saul’s family.
• Ziba, the servant of Jonathan’s son Mephibosheth, says he is just the
right person to help.
• David has Mephibosheth brought before him.
• David tells him he has nothing to fear. He invites him live in his house
and eat at his table.
• He will also give the lands originally belonging to Saul to him.
• Mephibosheth says he is undeserving of such kindness.
• David tells Ziba that he and his sons will till the land for Mephibosheth
and provide him with food, while Mephibosheth himself will dine at David’s
table.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• God’s promise to David of an enduring kingdom is fulfilled in Jesus, who
sits on the throne of His father, David. Regarding the kingdom of Jesus, it
will never end. And He will reign forever and ever!
• The story of David’s kindness to Mephibosheth is a picture of Jesus and
His grace, who desires to show us His favor, cripples that we are, and then
gives us a place at His table, which we don’t deserve.



2 Samuel 3-5

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is 2 Samuel 3-5:

III. Joab Kills Abner (2 Samuel 3).

• Conflict continues between David and Saul’s family with David’s house
growing in strength and power.
• David has six sons with five wives (Amnon of Ahinoam, Chileab of Abigail,
Absalom of Maacah, Adonijah of Haggith; Shephatiah of Abital; Ithream of
Eglah).
• Internal conflict erupts in Saul’s house when Abner sleeps with Rizpah,
one of Saul’s concubines.
• Abner is annoyed when Ishbosheth confronts him for his loyalty to Saul
was well known. He then tells Saul’s son that he’s going to help David
become king over a united Israel.
• Abner sends messengers informing David he is ready to form an alliance.
David is pleased and requests that he brings Michal, his former wife, with
him.
• Abner brings her to David as Paltiel, her husband, follows along weeping,
until Abner tells him to go home.
• Abner urges all the elders of Israel to align behind David.
• David holds a feast in Abner’s honor and tells David he will rally the
people of Israel to his side.
• When Joab returns after a raid he tells David that Abner is simply a spy
for Ishbosheth.
• Joab then sends men to apprehend Abner and bring him back to Hebron.
• When Joab approaches Abner privately, he stabs him, getting his revenge
for Abner’s murder of Asahel.
• David curses Joab’s house.
• David calls all the people to mourn for Abner and following the funeral
procession, he gives a moving speech.
• David tells his servants that Abner was a great man. By contrast, Joab
and Abishai are violent men.

IV. Ishbosheth is Assassinated (2 Samuel 4).

• Ishbosheth and Israel are dismayed over Abner’s death.
• Jonathan had a son named Mephibosheth. He became lame when his nurse
dropped him as a baby, when fleeing after the deaths of Saul and Jonathan.
• Ishbosheth had two raiding captains, Baanah and Rechab, who kill him.
• They bring Ishbosheth’s head to David, proclaiming their loyalty to him.
• David is not pleased. He has his men cut off their hands and feet, and
then hang their bodies near the pool at Hebron.
• They also respectfully bury Ishbosheth’s head, placing it in Abner’s tomb.

V. David is Crowned King of Israel (2 Samuel 5).

• The tribes of Israel come to David and crown him king.
• David becomes king at 30 thirty and will reign for forty years.
• He rules in Hebron for seven years and then from Jerusalem for
thirty-three.
• David leads an army to Jebus (Jerusalem) to fight against the Jebusites.
• The Jebusites are defeated and David takes Zion.
• The lame and blind people sided with the Jebusites, so David orders them
attacked and prohibited from his house.
• David builds up the city, making it his own.
• The king of Tyre sends cedar wood to David, helping him to build his
palace.
• David takes more wives and concubines. Many more children are born to him.
• The Philistines attempt to attack Jerusalem, since they’ve heard that
it’s got a new king. David fortifies himself and his soldiers in their
stronghold, while the Philistines amass out in the valley below.
• David prays that God will give him victory.
• David’s army defeats the Philistines.
• The Philistines try to attack again.
• God tells David to march behind the Philistine lines and face them
opposite a grove of balsam trees. When they hear the noise of marching in
the tops of the balsam trees, they should interpret it as God’s sign to
strike—which they do, finally defeating the Philistines for good.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• Bible students are split over David’s actions against the blind and lame
(some thinking it was a failure on his part, while others suggest he is
just tossing the mocking words of the Jebusites back at them). Regardless,
we know that when Jesus, the Son of David, entered Jerusalem He came not
cursing the blind and lame but healing them. In fact, Jesus performed only
two miracles in Jerusalem, healing a blind man and healing a crippled man
at the pool of Bethesda.



2 Samuel 1-2

#?OTin52? We begin reading the book of 2 Samuel, chapters 1-2:

The Book of 2 Samuel

I. The Lament of David for Saul and Jonathan (2 Samuel 1).

• As 2 Samuel opens, Saul and Jonathan have died fighting the Philistines
as David heads off to fight the Amalekites.
• A survivor from the battle finds David and reports the tragic news of
their deaths.
• This survivor claims to be the Amalekite who helped Saul finish dying and
bringing Saul’s crown and armlet to David.
• David and his men tear their clothes and mourn their deaths.
• But David is offended that this Amalekite dared (we we know falsely) to
help kill the Lord’s anointed, so he has one of his own men kill him.
• Even though David’s path to become king is open, he takes no pleasure in
Saul’s death
• David laments the deaths of Saul and Jonathan saying, “How the mighty
have fallen!”
• In a moving eulogy, David honors Saul and Jonathan and telling the rest
of Israel to weep for them in mourning.
• He also says that Jonathan’s love for him was “extraordinary, surpassing
the love of women.”

II. David is Anointed King of Judah and Ish-bosheth King of Israel and a
Civil War Results (2 Samuel 2).

• David asks and God approves that he should go up to the cities of Judah.
• God directs Him first to Hebron—so David brings his wives, his men, and
all their households, and settles in Hebron, where the people of Judah make
him king.
• David learns that the people of Jabesh-Gilead buried Saul and he asks for
the Lord to bless them.
• In a struggle for a unified throne, Saul’s son, Ish-bosheth is made king
of Israel, where he reigns for two years and David rules for seven years as
king of Judah.
• Abner, Ish-bosheth’s general, leads his men to meet David’s army under
Joab at the pool of Gibeon.
• What starts out as a contest between twelve of David’s men and twelve of
Ish-bosheth escalates into all-out war, and David’s men kill Ish-bosheth.
• Abner and his men are defeated by David’s army.
• One of David’s nephews, Asahel, pursues Abner.
• Abner tells him to turn back but Asahel refuses and is killed by Abner.
• Asahel’s two brothers, Abishai and Joab, chase after Abner, trying to
kill him for killing Asahel.
• Abner poignantly pleas for an end to this civil war, asking how long can
they go on killing each other.
• Joab stops the pursuit.
• Overall, David’s troops suffered twenty casualties, but Abner and
Ish-bosheth lost three hundred and sixty men.
• David’s men bury Asahel in Bethlehem.

Jesus in the Old Testament

As David waited for years to become king, first of Judah and later of all
Israel, so we are called to hope in God’s Word and wait for the blessed
hope, “waiting for our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our
great God and Savior Jesus Christ, who gave himself for us to redeem us
from all lawlessness and to purify for himself a people for his own
possession who are zealous for good works” (Titus 2:13-14).



1 Samuel 28-31

#?OTin52? Our reading today is 1 Samuel 28-31:

XXVIII. Saul and the Medium of Endor (1 Samuel 28).

• The Philistines prepare for war against Israel.
• King Achish claims that David will fight on his side and even makes David
his bodyguard for life.
• Meanwhile, Saul is desperate. When he inquires of the Lord through
several means, the Lord does not answer.
• He becomes desperate, so desperate that though he had removed mediums
from the land he now directs his servants to find one, and locate one in
Endor.
• Saul disguises himself and sets out to talk with her.
• Upon arriving at night, Saul asks the medium to bring up Samuel.
• The medium is terrified when an old man wrapped in a robe and Saul bows
when Samuel appears.
• Saul tells Samuel that he has “contacted” him because God will not tell
him what to do.
• Samuel tells Saul that, because of his disobedience, God has given the
kingdom over to David.
• He also tells Saul that he and his sons will die in battle the next day.
• Saul collapses in fear. After refusing to eat anything, finally takes
some nourishment.

XXIX. Achish Orders David Back (1 Samuel 29).

• The Philistines and David prepare for battle against the Israelites.
• However, some of Achish’s men do not trust David.
• Though Achish is impressed with David, in order to appease his men, he
tells David that he and his men cannot fight in the battle against the
Israelites.
• David and his men turn back.

XXX. David Recovers all that was Lost (1 Samuel 30).

• While David and his men were away, the Amalekites raid and burn the city
of Ziklag. They take the women and children captive, including David’s
wives.
• The people are so bitter that they talk about stoning David.
• In the face of pressure, David finds strength in God.
• David asks God if he should pursue the Amalekites, and God assures him of
success.
• David starts out with 600 men. 200 become too exhausted to cross the
river. The rest continue the mission with David.
• They meet a weakened Egyptian along the way, and give him food and drink.
• When he recovers he tells the he is a servant of one of the Amalekite
leaders but when he became ill, he was left behind.
• He said to David and his men that if they spare his life, he will show
them where the location of the Amalekites.
• When David finds them feasting and drinking, he attacks them but 400 of
them are able to escape on camels.
• David recovers everything—all of the wives and children.
• David captures all their flocks and herds.
• When David returns to the 200 men who stayed behind, some of David’s men
don’t want to share any of the spoils with them.
• David overrules them and states that they will get the same share as
those who went into battle. David’s decision becomes a rule in Israel.
• David also shares some of his spoil with the elders of Judah.

XXXI. The Deaths of Saul and Jonathan (1 Samuel 31).

• Meanwhile, the Philistines and the Israelites are still fighting and the
tide turns against the Israelites on Mount Gilboa. All of Saul’s sons are
killed, including Jonathan.
• While Saul is fighting, he’s wounded by the Philistine archers.
• Fearing that the Philistines will find him and abuse his body, Saul
pleads for his armor-bearer to run him through with his sword.
• The boy is too afraid to take Saul’s life, so Saul stabs himself with his
own sword.
• When Saul’s armor-bearer sees this, he collapses on his own sword and
dies.
• The Philistines find Saul’s body on Mt. Gilboa. They cut off his head and
strip him of his armor. They put Saul’s armor in the temple of Astarte and
fasten his body to the wall of Beth-shan.
• Some men from Jabesh-Gilead travel throughout the night to recover the
bodies of Saul and his sons, burn them, and then bury their bones under a
tree in Jabesh.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• When Saul feels pressure he seeks out a medium. When some of the people
are ready to stone David, he strengthens himself in God. Saul and David
were both flawed men but David consistently sought the Lord, whom He loved
and honored. In Christ, we have nothing to fear. “If the Spirit of him who
raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from
the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who
dwells in you” (Romans 8:11).



1 Samuel 25-27

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is 1 Samuel 25-27:

XXV. David, Nabal, and Abigail (1 Samuel 25).

• Samuel dies and the people mourn as he is buried in Ramah.
• While Samuel is laid to rest, David went to Carmel.
• Nabal, a wealthy landowner, lived in the region whose sheep David’s men
had protected from raiders.
• Through his messengers, David requests from Nabal some food.
• Nabal, a dislikable and disagreeable man, is married to Abigail, who is
discerning and beautiful.
• Nabal refuses David’s request, and on top of that, insults David.
• Even Nabal’s own workers asserted that Nabal was out of line.
• David and his men strap on their swords, ready to teach Nabal a lesson.
• Fortunately, Abigail intervenes, offering food, explaining that her is
husband is a fool, and that David will regret his decision to kill Nabal
when he becomes king.
• Her complete speech to David is amazing (vs. 24-31).
• David accepts the peace offering.
• When Abigail returned home, Nabal, oblivious to everything, was feasting
and getting drunk.
• In the morning, when he was sober, Abigail told him everything.
• He suffers a serious setback and then days later the Lord took him.
• When David hears that Nabal is dead, he marries Abigail.
• David also marries a woman named Ahinoam.

XXVI. David Preserves Saul’s Life – Again (1 Samuel 26).

• Saul pursues David in the wilderness of Ziph, from where David sends out
spies to see what Saul is up to.
• David enters Saul’s camp where he is sleeping.
• Abishai volunteers to stab Saul while he is sleeping but David doesn’t
let him, believing that God will take Saul’s life when the time is right.
• Instead, he removes Saul’s spear and water jar that sat near Saul’s head.
• David then stands on an opposite hill, calls out to Saul’s commander,
Abner, and reveals that he had been negligent in protecting Saul. The
Proof? David was holding Saul’s spear.
• Saul blesses David for not killing him and David returns his spear to him.

XXVII. David Escapes to Philistine Country (1 Samuel 27).

• David is tired of living on the run. In his discouragement, he believes
that Saul will one day kill him.
• He escapes to Gath and forms an alliance with Achish, the Philistine king
who slows him to settle in Ziklag.
• David lives there for 16 months.
• David spends his days raiding the Geshurites, the Girzites, and the
Amalekites.
• He kills everyone and brings animals and clothing to Achish.
• When Achish asks him where he had been raiding, he tells him that he’s
been raiding Israelite towns and their allies.
• Achish, having been deceived, was convinced that David would be hated by
his own people for what he was doing.

Jesus in the Old Testament

• These chapters reveal the very human side of David: his fury against
Nabal, his dubious activities, his lying to Achish. David was a great
sinner but also a great repenter. Only David’s greater Son, Jesus, is
entirely without sin and when we fail, we know we have an advocate with the
Father, Jesus Christ the righteous (cf. 1 John 2:1).



1 Samuel 23-24

?#?OTin52? Our reading today is 1 Samuel 23-24:

XXIII. David Saves Keilah and Avoids Capture (1 Samuel 23).

• The Philistines are stealing the threshed grain at Keilah. While his men
are uncertain about attacking the Philistines, David prays and the Lord
directs him to attack and they save the city of Keilah.
• Even though Saul is pursuing David, he seeks to protect others.
• But after David defeats the Philistines, Saul finds out that he is in the
city of Keilah.
• David learns that Saul is coming for him.
• God informs David that the people will turn him over to Saul, even though
he protected them.
• So David leaves Keilah and escapes into the wilderness of Ziph.
• Jonathan finds David in Horesh and encourages him, confirming that one
day he will be king of Israel. David and Jonathan form a covenant.
• Through actual intelligence, Saul learns that David is staying in the
wilderness of Ziph and pursues him but David is able to elude capture.
• At one point, Saul and his men are on one side of a mountain and David
and his men are on the other side.
• Saul receives word that the Philistines are raiding the land.
• Saul makes the right decision to abandon chasing David, for now, and
defends the Israelites against the Philistines.
• Meanwhile, David lives among the strongholds of Engedi.

XXIV. David Spares Saul a Second Time (1 Samuel 24)

• Saul resumes his pursuit of David.
• The king enters a cave to relieve himself, the same cave where David and
his men are hiding in the back.
• David’s men believe that God is giving him the opportunity to kill Saul,
but instead of killing him, he just cuts off a corner of his robe.
• David chooses to let Saul live and leave the cave but his conscience is
pricked.
• David follows Saul outside, bows before Saul, and shows him the part of
the robe he cut off. He reveals to Saul that he could have taken his life,
but didn’t.
• David calls Saul, “father,” and refers to himself as nothing but a “dead
dog” or a “flea.”
• David is telling Saul that he isn’t a threat to the anointed king.
• Saul is brought to tears and acknowledges that David will be king. He
only asks that when David becomes king he won’t do as other kings do and
wipe out his family.
• David agrees.



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Come join us for worship this Sunday.

Paul Beck will continue in our *A Reasonable Faith* series with his sermon
on “Telling the Truth about Sex in a Broken Culture.”

His texts will be: Genesis 1:26-27; 2:21-25; 3:6-7a; Matthew 19:1-12; 1
Corinthians 5:9-13; 1 Peter 2:11-12.

Service times are 9 and 11 am.